Search for your concepts on a search engine like Google Scholar, scanning the results for alternative words and phrases. The sample records need to be representative so bear in mind that the search results as output from the database will be listed in either alphabetical order by authors name, or by publication date or by date added to the database.
If the search interface is also different you will need to make appropriate changes to the search operators used in the strategy. Searching with subject headings Database subject headings are controlled vocabulary terms that a database uses to describe what an article is about.
For example, if there are limited options for combining terms using Boolean operators such as AND an alternative approach may be to run a number of separate searches on the database in place of one longer search. Commands for adjacency searching differ among databases, so make sure you consult database guides.
Using this adjacency retrieves papers with phrases like "physician patient relationship", "patient physician relationship", "relationship of the physician to the patient" and so on. In some cases databases with web interfaces have a restricted range of search options and if this is the case searchers need to adopt pragmatic approaches and use very simple searches.
Some databases will find the exact word or phrase, so make sure your spelling is accurate or you will miss references.
The draft strategy can be tested on one database and the results checked by whether it retrieves papers that are already known to the team but were not used to develop the draft strategy.
Check the database help section if you are not sure which symbol to use. As you search and scan articles and abstracts, you may discover different key terms to enhance your search strategy. Depending upon the complexity of the review topic, and consequently the search to be undertaken, this process may need to be repeated several times until an agreed strategy is formulated.
Truncation is useful for finding singular and plural forms of words and variant endings. The two sets of concepts are then combined to find the records which contain both concepts using AND to produce set To find alternative keywords or phrases for your concepts try the following: Use adjacency searching for more accurate results You can specify how close two words appear together in your search strategy.
Using truncation and wildcards can save you time and effort by finding alternative keywords.
The main Boolean operators are: Sets 12 to 28 capture the concepts of infection and infection prevention and are combined using OR to produce result set You can do this by using more synonyms and broader terms. This finds more papers than "physician relationship".
While free text terms can usually be re-used in other databases you will need to identify one or possibly more matching relevant thesaurus terms used by the other databases. Databases often show Boolean operators as buttons or drop-down menus that you can click to combine your search terms or results.
Wildcards are useful for finding British and American spellings, for example: However, this does not mean that search iterations should necessarily stop. Your aim is to consider each of your concepts and come up with a list of the different ways they could be expressed.
In Ovid databases, search for a known key paper by title, select the "complete reference" button to see which subject headings the database indexers have given that article, and consider adding relevant ones to your own search strategy.
Converting a final strategy for use in other databases requires care. Not all databases include an abstract in the record and if this is the case you may want to make your search strategy more sensitive as you are relying solely upon terms being identified in the title and any indexing fields.
Use it to search for a single character, or no character. There are sometimes different symbols to find a variable single character. A keyword search usually looks for your search terms in the title and abstract of a reference. Use a thesaurus to identify synonyms. Truncation and wildcard searches You can use truncated and wildcard searches to find variations of your search term.
Watch our 3-minute introduction to subject headings video. Examine relevant abstracts or articles for alternative words, phrases and subject headings if the database uses subject headings.
If at all possible, the final search strategy should be peer reviewed to check for errors spelling mistakes, incorrect use of operators, or failure to include relevant MeSH that could reduce the recall of papers. This can make your results more relevant; generally the closer two words appear to each other, the closer the relationship is between them.
Most databases allow you to search for phrases, but check the database guide if you are unsure.
You should combine both subject headings and keywords in your search strategy for each of the concepts you identify.The links below provide concise advice on some fundamental elements of academic writing. Below is an essay on "Search Strategy" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.
Research is a fundamental part of nursing. It provides new insights into nursing practice, develops and improves methods of caring and tests the effectiveness of care (Gerrish and Lacey )/5(1). The aim of this essay is to describe an appropriate search strategy by defining databases and the reasons for choosing the a particular one for this assignment.
The essay will then go on to describe the search steps used to identify an article on Children Diabetes. Read this essay on Search Strategy Example.
Come browse our large digital warehouse of free sample essays. Get the knowledge you. A search strategy is an organised structure of key terms used to search a database.
The search strategy combines the key concepts of your search question in order to. Writing your Reflective Essay on Research Strategies Writing a reflective essay on the research process is an opportunity for you to think back on what you have learned, to recognize your achievements and to identify the challenges that you faced.Download